7th Conference of Slovenian Consortia for International Scientific Literature

Focus on Open Science
Citizen Science, Research Data, Access to Knowledge and Beyond 

#sicisl17

Ljubljana, November 24th 2017

 

 

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The Empires of the Future are the Empires of the Mind: Defining the Role of Libraries in the Open Science Landscape
Dr. Paul Ayris, University College London, UK

Open Science represents a potential revolution in the way that research is undertaken, disseminated and curated. The paper will look at the main elements of the Open Science workflow – conceptualization, data gathering, analysis, publication, review – and the characteristics of that workflow – citizen science, open code, open access, pre-prints, alternative reputation systems, science blogs, open annotation, open data, open lab books/workflows, data-intensive approaches.

Having established the baseline for Open Science approaches, the paper will look at the impact of open science in 4 areas of activity, identify the current role of the Library in each and the potential the Library has to contribute to this agenda going forward. The four areas which the paper will address are open access and new publishing models, research data management, the European Open Science cloud and citizen science.

In the area of open access, libraries have customarily engaged in the payment of APCs (article processing charges) and in establishing open access repositories. The paper will look at activity in one of the most active UK open access teams at UCL and then examine future publishing models. In particular, it will show universities might themselves subvert the current monograph model by offering publishing services from university libraries.

In research data management, the outputs and outcomes of the EU-funded LEARN project will be analysed. These will dwell on research data management policy, best practice case studies, executive briefings and the findings of a survey looking at the level of preparation for RDM in research organisations across the globe. The paper will look particularly at the future role for libraries in the research data space, which the LEARN project is identifying, and suggest that research data management in the context of open science re-defines the role of the Library in research support and the research workflow.

The European open science cloud (EOSC) has the potential to put Europe at the forefront of open science developments. As a member of the high level EOSC Expert Group, the principal speaker will analyse the main drivers behind the recommendations for the development of the cloud and the future role for libraries in sustaining this revolutionary development.

Citizen science is part of citizen engagement in science and research. We observe a growing interest of citizens to contribute to a better society. In conjunction with newly-available technologies, a world of opportunities opens for research institutions. The paper will map existing experiences and recommendations from research intensive organizations and we will then present a blueprint for the roles of the library in this landscape with Guidelines for best practice.

The paper will conclude by analysing the challenges which open science presents. Rooted in the research workflow, the paper will identify the impact which open science is having on libraries and identify future roles that they can adopt in their institutions, both to support and also to help lead open science implementation.

 

Citizen Science: Involving Citizens in Research
Prof. Dr. Daniel Wyler, University of Zürich, Switzerland

Active participation of citizens in research is increasing, due to new IT-technology and novel research questions that require the participation of many people, but also due to the trend towards‚ open science strongly advocated by the European Commission. This has led, in fields as varied as astronomy, linguistics or medicine to new insights and to a widening of research areas. I will argue that citizen science is a valid research method and should be part of research agendas and strategies at universities and other public institutions. Citizen science (and more generally open science) opens new ways in how universities interact with the general public. It can be an important element when universities reflect and negotiate their place and role in society; for instance, citizen science results can be relevant in policy making.

The advantages, fields of application and challenges of citizen science are discussed and illustrated; a set of considerations and guidelines for successful projects is formulated and elaborated.

 

OA2020: Achieving a Rapid and Scholarly Oriented Transition to Open Access
Colleen Campbell, Max Planck Digital Library, Germany

Open Access 2020 is a global initiative that aims to induce the swift, smooth and scholarly-oriented transformation of today’s scholarly journals from subscription to open access publishing. OA2020 aims to bring a new approach to the transactional side of the publishing system and the ways in which its cash flow is organized. The goal is to achieve on a larger scale what SCOAP3 has successfully done for some core journals in the field of High-Energy Physics: to convert journals from subscription to open access by re-directing the existing subscription spend into open access funds, and from these to finance the essential services that publishers provide for scholarly communication, i.e. the administration of peer review, editing, and open access article dissemination.

The OA2020 initiative is based on the understanding that the subscription system that has underpinned scholarly journals will eventually become obsolete. Subscription belongs to an era when the challenge for the sharing of knowledge was physical distribution; a journal’s hard copies needed to be laid out, printed and shipped, with payment organized accordingly. While the modernization of the publishing industry has enabled easy distribution in a context of abundant supply, the step that has yet to happen is the cash flow’s shift from the journal level to the article level. Scholarship’s crucial publishing services should be remunerated directly, rather than indirectly through subscriptions. With such a move, the publishing system will be able to engage with the realities and potentials of the 21st century.

In considering the financial aspects of this initiative, OA2020 builds on analysis that shows that there is already enough money within journal publishing to allow for a transition to open access that will be – at a minimum – cost-neutral. This analysis is outlined in a widely-read White Paper, published by the Max Planck Digital Library in April 2015.

The key to success in the transformation from the current subscription model to Open Access publishing is in the hands of the world’s research organizations, as they decide – in tandem with their libraries – how to allocate their funds. What is required is a broad, global consensus among these organizations to withdraw all spending from journal subscriptions and re-allocate those same resources to publishing services.

 

Is my University Ready for the Open Science Challenges?
Dr. Ignasi Labastida i Juan, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain

Open science has become a buzzword in the academic environment but it has many meanings and it brings a lot of challenges to the university that wants to deal with it. The complexity of the multiple faces of open science requires having an institutional plan or roadmap to tackle it and to try to succeed. On one hand, funders and national bodies are advocating for open science to bring research closer to citizens without restrictions; and on the other hand a new generation of researchers is expecting broad institutional support for their new practices. We will share what has been done at the University of Barcelona and the experiences we have gained, hoping they could serve any other university in the same situation.

 

LIBER’s 2018 - 2022 Strategy
Wilhelm Widmark, Stockholm University Library, LIBER Board (Association of European Research Libraries)

Mr. Wilhelm Widmark will talk about the new LIBER Strategy 2018 – 2022 and the work behind it as well as its implementation and consequences.

 

Različni vidiki vrednotenja raziskovalnih podatkov/ Different Aspects of Valuating Research Data
Dr. Janez Štebe, dr. Sonja Bezjak

Naraščanje števila podatkovnih objav terja premisleke o kakovosti, stroških in pomenu raziskovalnih podatkov, tako za raziskovalca kot tudi za znanstveno skupnost. Podatkovni arhivi se ukvarjajo z vprašanjem, katere podatke izbrati za dolgoročno hrambo ter kako oblikovati merila za njihovo strokovno presojo. V prvem delu prispevka bomo predstavili merila za presojo kakovosti podatkov, ki so jih izoblikovali evropski arhivi družboslovnih podatkov. Podrobneje bomo prikazali postopek vrednotenja podatkov Arhiva družboslovnih podatkov (ADP) za namen objave v katalogu ADP ter predstavili možnosti katalogizacije zbirk podatkov v sistemu COBISS. V drugem delu bomo pregledali obstoječe storitve, ki prispevajo k vrednotenju objavljenih raziskovalnih podatkov (npr. indeks citiranosti podatkov).  Velja namreč, da sta lahko vidnost znanstvenih rezultatov ter njihova odmevnost v znanstveni skupnosti ključnega pomena za razvoj posameznikove raziskovalne kariere.

Increasing number of data publications encourages reconsideration of the quality, the costs and the value of research data, both for the researcher and the research community. Research data archives deal with questions, such as, which data to select for long-term curation and how to develop measures of expert reevaluation of research data. In the first part, the paper will present the measures of the research data evaluation that were developed by the European social science data archives. Specifically, it will focus on the research data evaluation procedure of the Slovenian Social Science Data Archives (ADP) for the purpose of publishing a data collection in the catalogue of the ADP, and additionally, on the possibilities of cataloguing the data collections in the COBISS system. In the second part, the paper will discuss the available services that help to provide metrics of research data after their publication (for example data citation index etc.) , since it is well-known that the visibility of scientific results and their influence in the scientific community may be of key importance for the development of an individual’s research career.

 

The development of Consortial Approaches to Open Access in the UK
Carolyn Alderson, Jisc Collections, UK

In the five years since the Finch Report Jisc has been at the forefront of consortium negotiations with publishers in the UK to support a rapid transition to open access for UK research outputs. Drawing on institutional data on open access, this talk will reflect on the experience of negotiations in that period covering pure Gold, Hybrid and Green open access as Jisc, working with UK institutions, has steadily developed its approach in response to the available evidence. It will also explore the attitudes of institutions and look at the tensions around the current approach and their impact on negotiations.

 

Overtaking the Traditional Limitation of Social Sciences Representation
Massimiliano Carloni, Clarivate Analytics

Publishing Journal landscape has traditionally neglected Social Sciences but in the recent years, needs of better coverage and evaluation has changed the situation. Journal Indexes has developed selection criteria more fit to Social Sciences (see ESCI) and articles and reviews are not anymore the only document types taken in consideration: conference proceedings, book and books chapters and also datasets are paving the way to an improved representation of Social Sciences scholarly activities.

 

Alexander Street Initiatives for Closing the Gap Between Open Access and Subscription Content
Krassimira Anguelova, Alexander Street

With the growth of open access, a schism between open and paid resources has arisen in academic publishing. This division is counter-productive to finding and accessing the most relevant resources for research. To close the gap, publishers, libraries and archives are working together to explore new methods of integrating open access and for-fee content that will enable scholars and students to have a comprehensive view of their disciplines. This presentation will explore two case studies of open access initiatives, Anthropology Commons and the Open Music Library, that are taking innovative approaches to publishing content that will offer integrated research and discovery experiences.

 

Life of an E-Book
Cristina Garcia Pozuelo Sanchez,
Taylor & Francis eBooks

In this presentation I would like to focus on eBooks and their acceptance in library and by users. We will have a  look on what is an ebook and what librarians like about them, how are they used and perceived.  We will summarize recent trends in ebooks vs OA and speak in more details about future of monographs.

 

Broadening the Researchers Community for Citizen Science by Archives and New Content Types
Eva Czegledi, Account Manager, ProQuest

If there had been citizen science in the previous centuries, print book and journal holdings as well as scholarly periodicals and newspapers would have been its major sources.  If you want to check those online and see what these contents may reflect to the present researchers, then take a look at what ProQuest has to offer.

ProQuest supports citizen science through the rich archive of scholarly journals, newspapers and magazines and very importantly primary sources from the USA and UK  government and legislation. Archives covering the XX. century includes newspaper titles  such as New York Times, Washington Post, The Boston Globe, The Guardian and The Observer  etc or definitive online collection of early printed works in English, and works printed in England, from before 1700 are great source to citizen science. Not to forget about archives of magazines like Vogue, Variety etc,  and the broad restrospective collection of scholarly journals covering 19th and 20th century.

ProQuest archives include important American government documents from 1945,  in digitized collections and documents related to the  most studied topics of U.S. history from the American Revolution to the last years of the 20th century.

 

Open Research: Make an Impact
Nicolo Pierini, Georg Wanek, Taylor & Francis

Taylor & Francis is committed to working with institutions and authors to open their research, thereby achieving maximum impact. In this presentation, Nicolo’ Pierini, Open Access Executive, will outline the advantages of Open Research for all stakeholders.

Nicolo will present a variety of academic, public and policy-related benefits of open science, including examples of how this has worked at Taylor & Francis. He will also discuss the Conversion Project, highlighting our experience so far of converting journals to full open access.